migrant worker

violence against childrenTeachers at a kindergarten in Lihua, Jiangsu have a big problem lately with five year old student Yangyang. One morning in December of last year, Yangyang was found by cleaning staff in the bathroom playing with a lighter. The staff member confiscated the lighter immediately. When asked about the incident, Yangyang claimed he brought the lighter from home. Just a few days later in an arts and crafts class, a teacher was shocked to find Yangyang trying to cut his fingers with a scissors, and confiscated the scissors immediately. Since this incident, Yangyang received extra attention from teachers, explained the head of the school. When Yangyang’s class had fun activities, the teachers always considered beforehand what the activities were, and whether the could cause any danger. After several months, Yangyang’s dangerous behaviors still did not stop, however, aside from these dangerous actions, there were no problems with Yangyang’s interactions with other students. He was a smart, fun-loving, and curious child. So what was actually going on with him?

The kindergarten contacted Yangyang’s parents. The family came from Anhui province, with the parents finding migrant labor in Changzhou. They were usually very busy. When Yangyang’s father first heard the news, he just shook his head and said that he was very good at home. When the teachers explained the situation several more times, the father said that the school was discriminating against the children of migrant workers. Without any other options, Yangyang’s teacher invited the parents to observe the child’s behavior in class, and only after several days of this that the parents believed the teachers. The father explained that because he works hard, in the rare case that Yangyang misbehaves at home, he hits him with a leather belt and slippers until he listens. It’s been a long time since Yangyang misbehaved at home, where he’s actually very good, but Yangyang isn’t afraid of acting out at school, “because the teachers won’t hit me.” The school invited Yangyang’s parents to talk every time he misbehaved, but his father found the situation embarrassing, and would not cooperate. With no other choice, the school asked the parents to pat down Yangyang’s bag every morning before he left for school. The teacher would pat down the bag again once Yangyang got to school, making sure that he didn’t bring any dangerous items to class.

Yangyang’s situation put teachers in a hard place, and they had to look to other kindergartens for help. After discussing the situations, they found there were such students at other schools that the schools called “special children.” What should be done with “special children”? Should they get psychological counseling?

“They don’t need psychological counseling. The children don’t have any psychological problems since the psychology of children from the ages of 0 to 6 years old has still yet to develop,” said  Zhu Jian, Director General of the Changzhou city Psychological Association. He feels that Yangyang’s father should not avoid communicating with the school because of embarrassment. Since it’s the father’s problem, he should definitely care more about the child’s safety than his own reputation. According to Zhu Jian’s analysis, the child felt wronged when the father hit him, and needed way to channel his anger. “Some children hit others at kindergarten, but Yangyang took it out on himself.” Mr. Zhu said that changing Yangyang’s behavior needs to start at the root, and only after his father changes his violent disciplinary methods, will the child change. “Yangyang isn’t six years old yet, there’s still time to change things.”


Original date of publication: 4/22/2013

Source: http://kids.163.com/13/0422/13/8T2P6CH400294KTV.html

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Original publication date: 2/26/13

zhongkao“Several years ago, I moved from my hometown to Guangzhou with my daughter specifically so that she could get a better education. How could I have known that she wouldn’t be allowed to take the high school entrance exam?” Recently, Mr. Li told reporters that on the 18th of this month, he took his daughter to the Jiahe County Guangxin Middle School to register and pay tuition for the second half of her third year in middle school. At that time, he was unexpectedly asked to sign a “verification” that his daughter would voluntarily not take part in the high school entrance exam. If he didn’t sign, he wouldn’t be allowed to pay the tuition.

The school says that no students are forced to not take the exam, and that signing the verification form is simply a way of preventing future disputes. The Board of Education of Baiyun district responded, saying that it had already conducted an investigation, and that no cases students not being allowed to take the exam existed. But information from lead teachers and students contradicts the official testing policies, and the local board of education has already published a list of six suggestions according to which schools should make adjustments.


Parent: this is not the first time we required to sign

Reporters visited Jiahe County Guangxin Middle School in Baiyun district last Friday at 11 AM to see third-year student (#5 class) Xiao Li and her father, Mr. Li. According to Mr. Li, when he went to pay tuition on the 18th, he was first told by the finance office to find the lead teacher. The lead teacher gave Xiao Li the already-printed verification letter, on which was written, “With the agreement of the parent, this student will not participate in the high school entrance exam,” and “Requests the finance office to provide school enrollment.” The teacher required Mr. Li to sign the letter before paying tuition.

“I got mad instantly, because this isn’t the first time this has happened.” Last year before mid-term exams, Xiao Li was given a similar document for Mr. Li to sign.

Mr. Li said plainly that although Xiao Li’s grades were not good, he could not stand seeing his daughter being deprived of the chance to pass the high school entrance exam.


Students: only one class takes the high school entrance exam

Around noon, students started to come out of the school. Reporters conducted spot interviews with six students from the middle school third year class, who all said that the #1 class was the high school entrance exam class, and that none of the #2, 3, 4, and 5 classes were preparing for the test. One student named Xiao Xin said that starting in the third year, lead teachers have urged students with low grades to not take the exam. They had her sign and turn in voluntary non-participation forms twice. Xiao Xin said that she originally did what she could to not sign the forms, but the teachers told her that she couldn’t keep attending class if she didn’t sign the forms, so she had no choice but to sign them.


School: verification form prevents future disputes

Last Friday afternoon, reporters contacted Guangxin Middle School principle Mr. Lian Chao. He said that there were no cases of students being forced to sit out of the exam, and that no matter what class students were in, any student can take the exam if they would like to do so. Lian Chao said that students come from many different places to Guangxin Middle School, and that most are the children of migrant workers. Only in order to work out individuals intentions for registering and avoid cases of temporary registration of students for the exam through the school, do they ask students and parents to sign such verifications.

Lian Chao stressed to reporters that the third year classes are not divided into “exam classes” and “non-exam classes”, nor are they organized by student scores. It may be that the lead teacher of the #5 class had not properly communicated with the students that caused some students and parents to have this kind of misunderstanding.


Board of Education: School ordered to rectify the situation

The Baiyun District Board of Education told reporters that they understand Xiao Li will not take the exam in Guangzhou (because her hukou residence registration is in Henan), and will return to her hometown to take the exam and attend high school. In December of 2012, Teacher Bo, the lead teacher, told students orally that if they do not intend to take the high school entrance exam in Guangzhou, they can make an application for this purpose with the verification and signature of their parents. To help the students manage the process of verifying their intent to not take the exam, the teacher wrote the format for the verification letter on the blackboard. “Due to lack of proper communication between teachers and parents, there has been a serious violation exam enrollment policies, which has led to misunderstanding and negative reactions by parents.” The Baiyun District Board of Education has ordered the school to increase oversight, thoroughly examine and rectify the situation, and increase awareness of laws related to school administration.

Source: http://edu.sina.com.cn/zhongkao/2013-02-26/1435372132.shtml

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Beijing’s Chaoyang District Closing All Migrant Schools Over Next Two Years

January 14, 2013

Xinjingbao reports all eighteen migrant schools in the Chaoyang District of Beijing will be shut down over the next two years. In addition, construction will begin on three elementary schools and five kindergartens in the urbanizing rural areas, while admissions capabilities are expanded at existing facilities in order to manage the inflow of both local […]

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